17 January 2017
SCiLS contributed to the following publication about organization and localization of small molecules within microbial assemblages and has been named Editor’s Pick:
Garg, N.; Zeng, Y.; Edlund, A.; Melnik, A. V.; Sanchez, L. M.; Mohimani, H.; Gurevich, A.; Miao, V.; Schiffler, S.; Lim, Y. W.; Luzzatto-Knaan, T.; Cai, S.; Rohwer, F.; Pevzner, P. A.; Cichewicz, R. H.; Alexandrov, T. & Dorrestein, P. C. (2016): “Spatial molecular architecture of the microbial community of a peltigera lichen”, mSystems, American Society for Microbiology, 1, e00139-16.
Microbes are commonly studied as individual species, but they exist as mixed assemblages in nature. At present, we know very little about the spatial organization of the molecules, including natural products that are produced within these microbial networks. Lichens represent a particularly specialized type of symbiotic microbial assemblage in which the component microorganisms exist together. These composite microbial assemblages are typically comprised of several types of microorganisms representing phylogenetically diverse life forms, including fungi, photosymbionts, bacteria, and other microbes. Here, we employed matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization–time of flight (MALDI-TOF) imaging mass spectrometry to characterize the distributions of small molecules within a Peltigera lichen. In order to probe how small molecules are organized and localized within the microbial consortium, analytes were annotated and assigned to their respective producer microorganisms using mass spectrometry-based molecular networking and metagenome sequencing. The spatial analysis of the molecules not only reveals an ordered layering of molecules within the lichen but also supports the compartmentalization of unique functions attributed to various layers. These functions include chemical defense (e.g., antibiotics), light-harvesting functions associated with the cyanobacterial outer layer (e.g., chlorophyll), energy transfer (e.g., sugars) surrounding the sun-exposed cyanobacterial layer, and carbohydrates that may serve a structural or storage function and are observed with higher intensities in the non-sun-exposed areas (e.g., complex carbohydrates).
For more information, visit the journal’s website or contact the authors of the paper.